Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Four Traditions of Geography Essay Example for Free

Four Traditions of Geography Essay Four Tradition of Geography The Four Traditions of Geography has a wide range of suppositions and parts of geology; perspectives running from essential mapping and geometry, to the effect on nature of people and the procedures of the earth itself. Geographers can contemplate and clarify their exploration by choosing a specific custom that prompts a wide range of fields of topography. â€Å"There are four conventions whose recognizable proof gives an option in contrast to the contending monistic definitions that have been a geographer’s lot† (Pattison 1964). The accompanying conversation treats the customs in a specific order: (1) a spatial convention, (2) a zone considers convention, (3) a man-land convention and (4) an earth science tradition† (Pattison 1964). Pattison is investigating all the classes of topography and he is clarifying how these various customs can reveal the implications of various investigations of geology. â€Å"Going further one can reveal the implications of â€Å"systematic geography,† â€Å"regional geography,† â€Å"urban geography,† â€Å"industrial geography,† and so forth † (Pattison 1964). Spatial custom is a region of fixation that depends on geometry and development. It additionally is the investigation of mapping as found in the old Greece chronicles of such, and it likewise manages the GIS framework. GIS is any framework that catches, stores, examines, oversees, and presents information that are connected to an area. It investigates the focal spot hypothesis and how it is utilized in geology. Focal spot hypothesis is the topography hypothesis that looks to clarify the number, size and area of human settlements in a urban framework. Region Studies, much the same as the spatial custom it has roots from many, numerous years back. The Greek thinker, Strabo, composed a reference book about geological information. â€Å"He is Strabo, celebrated for his Geography which is a gigantic creation routed to the legislators of Augustan Rome and expected to summarize and regularize information not of the area of spots and related cartographic realities, as in the to some degree later instance of Ptolemy, yet of the idea of spots, their character and their differentiation† (Pattison 1964). The territory examines custom was would in general be rejected from early American expert topography. Today, it is plagued by specific bosses of the spatial custom who might have one accept that by one way or another the region concentrates method of sorting out information is just a subdepartment of spatialism† (Pattison 1964). It focuses on the portrayals of districts so as to separate them from different locales and zones. Ha ving the option to comprehend geology in these terms can uncover the most profound information on the world’s condition. The Man-Land custom portrays the human effect in nature and furthermore the effect of nature on people, and it likewise characterizes the nature debacles our reality takes on. Social Darwinism basically snatched a hypothesis from the biosciences and applied it to social happenings without the long procedure of experimentation for social information which prompted environmentalism. Environmentalism is an expansive way of thinking and social development with respect to worries for natural protection and improvement of the earth. Man-Land gives us the essential discernment on nature and what is befalling it. The earth science custom, grasps the investigation of the earth, the waters of the earth, and the air encompassing the earth and the relationship between the earth and the sun† (Pattison 1964). On two distinct hands of the subject, it is being utilized and afterward it isn't being utilized. â€Å"On one hand, it isn't constantly chosen as the best custom as it has been dimini shing being used from past decades, while on the other one realizes that school offices depend generously, for defense of their job by and large instruction, upon curricular substance springing straightforwardly from this tradition† (Pattison 1964). It additionally recognizes the human effect on the planet however primarily centers around the planet itself and its physical procedures. Topography, mineralogy, fossil science, glaciology, and meteorology all have uncovered of these investigations. From perusing â€Å"Four Traditions of Geography† and â€Å"In Search of Synthesis,† Area Studies convention is my own inclination on this issue. Gober discusses the a wide range of fortes that lie in the middle of human and physical geology, and I got a handle on that I am to a greater extent a physical, on-hands doing individual. With human geology you study social orders overall and I am increasingly intrigued by urbanization of the earth and how we can utilize the land we have in a manner that is essentially great. I am keen on the various districts since I am truly captivated in land and I figure I would become familiar with a mess about the physical part of geology. I feel that I could truly exceed expectations in land with this sort of learning. The Four Traditions of Geography has various definitions and parts of topography. With the data given, individuals are allowed the chance to comprehend what geology is about and have the option to separate topography and select a specific practice from the extremely particular point. â€Å"It is trusted that through a broadened readiness to imagine and examine the field as far as these customs, geology will be better ready to make sure about the inward solidarity and external intelligibility† (Pattison 1964). William D. Pattison, The Four Traditions of Geography, (1964).

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Good Parenting free essay sample

Child rearing is surely an all day employment, and there will never be an ideal parent. There are decisions made by individuals in today’s society saying how one parent is better than the other, however by who’s principles? I accept that I’ve limited the â€Å"standards to great parenting† down to three primary concerns. One, when a parent gives their youngster a significant sense or ethics and character. Two, when a parent gives as well as can be expected to their youngster. What I mean by that announcement is the point at which a parent takes the essential obligations and activities to bring up their own youngster. To wrap things up, a parent is somebody their kid can proceed to converse with. At the point when these gauges are met, the parent has succeeded. At the point when somebody turns into a parent, the weight is on. Duties must be taken so as to accommodate the youngster. For instance, one may take on an additional activity to help be monetarily steady. We will compose a custom article test on Great Parenting or on the other hand any comparable subject explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page By having this additional cash things become progressively adaptable and stable in the family unit. Guardians can manage the cost of school supplies, food, garments and an asylum for their kid. At the point when a parent accommodates their youngster, it gives the parent a feeling of pride. A dependable grown-up likewise makes penances. It might be not completing their nails each other week like they used to, or, it might be simply investing more energy with them. In the event that a parent does this for their youngster, at that point they are on the correct side of child rearing. Second means to great child rearing, is being a child’s closest companion. As a parent, the kid should feel good going to their parent for anything. They could be requested exhortation or they may simply need their parent to hear them out. In any case, the youngster shows that they have trust in the relationship with their parent. Realizing that their kid can believe you is an immense achievement. In the event that a parent doesn't prevail at turning into their child’s companion, things can get quite troublesome. The youngster starts to sneak and lie about specific things with the expectation that the parent won’t care about what is truly going on. At some point or another, the youngster starts to get into increasingly more difficulty which gives worry upon the parent and family. No one needs this result for their kid or family, so being there for the youngster and turning into their companion is probably the best thing a parent can do. To wrap things up, any great parent directs their kid and furnishes them with a decent arrangement of virtues and character. These qualities can be passed down from age to age or learned over the span of life. Character is the thing that the kid creates while growing up, yet the guardians are the ones who manage them and shape the manner in which they develop. They furnish a blueprint that will stay with them for a long time to come. Later on throughout everyday life, they will end up being a parent and ideally pass their characteristics and qualities along to their family. There are a lot more characteristics that guardians can must be known as a decent parent, however I accept these three are the most significant. These three â€Å"standards† bigly affect their child’s life and that’s why I think they are the most significant. Regardless, individuals will have their own guidelines and suppositions however that doesn’t make you a terrible parent on the off chance that you don’t adhere to their principles. You are a decent parent when you do all the better you can accomplish for your youngster, in the event that you are there for your kid and to wrap things up, on the off chance that you have given a decent feeling of virtues.

Sunday, August 2, 2020

1 Month, 0 Classes

1 Month, 0 Classes well only if I choose to. Tomorrow marks the beginning of IAP (Independent Activities Period)Its one of my favorite times of the year because everything is pretty much optional. MIT with no class?!?!?! SCORE. During January, a lot of people do externships, some go to Zambia, some France, some stay at home and some go to lab. After a brief search on the IAP website, I found some pretty interesting activities: Opera the Ultimate Dramatic Experience David Collins M.Ed. pre-opera lecturer and historian for Opera Boston Tue Jan 16, Thu Jan 18, Tue Jan 23, Thu Jan 25, 10:30am-01:00pm, 4-160 No enrollment limit, no advance sign up Participants requested to attend all sessions (non-series) Prereq: none Opera is the marriage of theater and music. In 4 sessions we explore the fascinating and addictive world of opera, using audio and video examples to follow the history of opera from the late Renaissance through the death of Puccini in 1924. Among the composers represented will be: Monteverdi, Rameau, Purcell, Handel, Gluck, Mozart, Beethoven, Weber, Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, Meyerbeer, Berlioz, Gounod, Offenbach, Verdi, Wagner, Richard Strauss and Puccini. Emphasis will be placed on understanding opera as a dramatic art form expressed through music. Consideration will be given to different dramatic aesthetics crucial factors in a composers approach to opera. This course is geared for both beginners and those wishing to expand their operatic horizons. Contact: Steve Michaels, E38-400, x8-8104, [emailprotected] Sponsor: Music and Theater Arts Science Policy Bootcamp William B. Bonvilliam-Director MIT Washington, DC Office, Taras Gorshnyy, Alicia Jackson, Asher Sinensky and Cathribe Tweedie Mon Jan 22 thru Fri Jan 26, 09:30am-12:30pm, TBD Signup by: 08-Jan-2007 Limited to 25 participants. Participants requested to attend all sessions (non-series) Prereq: Geared for Grad Students or Post Doc. in Science or Engineer Science and technology public policy strongly guides the future of science education and research. Despite significant interest in science policy issues within the graduate student community at MIT, there exist few opportunities for increased understanding about and practical involvement with science policy. Given the challenges to future federal support, the aim of this five-day seminar is to introduce graduate scientists and engineers to the ‘nuts and bolts’ of science policy making. The course will expose students to the fundamental structure and dynamics of science policy and inform them of routes into a policy experience or career. This seminar is cosponsored by MITs Presidents Office that strongly supports the integration and deepening of science policy awareness within the MIT community at all levels. Web: http://stellar.mit.edu/S/project/policybootcamp/index.html Contact: Alicia Jackson, 13-4057, x3-7234, [emailprotected] Sponsor: Materials Science and Engineering Cosponsor: Presidents Office AND MY FAVORITE MIT EVENT PERIOD HANDS DOWN AND FIREWORKS!!!!111ONEONEONE!!! Annual MIT Mystery Hunt Dan Katz, Jennifer Braun Fri Jan 12 thru Mon Jan 15, 12pm-12:00am, Lobby 7 No limit but advance sign up required (see contact below) Signup by: 15-Dec-2006 Single session event Join us for the 2007 Mystery Hunt, the annual MIT puzzle and sleep-deprivation competition. Get together with friends to solve puzzles that will lead you to a coin hidden somewhere on campus. The hunt starts Friday at noon and ends when the coin is found, some days later. Please sign up at the website. Lone hunters looking for a team can sign up as unattached hunters. New hunters always welcome. Web: http://web.mit.edu/puzzle/ Contact: Jennifer Braun, [emailprotected] Sponsor: Mystery Hunt Ill be playing with some of my best friends this year, and IM INCREDIBLY STOKED. If youd like to play remotely, shoot me an email to bryanblogs [at] mit [dot] edu, and Ill respond with some info. SO EXCITED. PS. If you refresh the IAP homepage enough, you can see my friend Yonas, hes juggling. Hes also playing on our mystery hunt team.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Thomas Mores Utopia Essay - 1115 Words

Thomas More’s Utopia is a work of ambiguous dualities that forces the reader to question More’s real view on the concept of a utopian society. However, evidence throughout the novel suggests that More did intend Utopia to be the â€Å"best state of the commonwealth.† The detailed description of Utopia acts as Mores mode of expressing his humanistic views, commenting on the fundamentals of human nature and the importance of reason and natural law while gracefully combining the two seemingly conflicting ideals of communism and liberalism. In essence, Utopia is a written manifestation of More’s humanist beliefs. Many of these views are vicariously present in the character of Raphael Hythloday. For example, Hythloday comments on the unwillingness†¦show more content†¦More seems to specifically highlight this when describing his Utopian society. For example, More describes Utopians spending idle time participating in scholarly activities, such as attending public lectures and their natural enjoyment of learning. However, More clearly asserts the significance of reason when describing the religions of Utopia. In Utopia, each religion is fundamentally the same, each guided of nature and what is natural. Doing what nature intends, which is established through reason, is the true way of worshipping God, according to the Utopians (More, 2011, p. 2011). This is consistent with the humanist theory of a higher, absolute natural law created by God and thus must be followed by man. In order discover this natural la w, one must use reason. With this in consideration, it apparent that More intentionally created Utopia to represent a society of humanists, one that is adheres to all aspects of Renaissance humanism without fault. However, one may argue that More’s pious Christian background seems to oppose the pagan ideas found in Utopia and the humanistic view of natural law in general. Yet More addresses this concern by implicitly stating that a religion guided by reason is essentially identical to Christianity: â€Å"after they had heard from us the name of Christ†¦you would not believe how eagerly the assented to it†¦because Christianity seemed very like the religion prevailing among them† (More, 2011, p. 85). More attempts to combine theShow MoreRelated Thomas Mores Utopia Essays1404 Words   |  6 PagesThomas More’s Utopia is a work of ambiguous dualities that forces the reader to question More’s real view on the concept of a utopian society. However, e vidence throughout the novel suggests that More did intend Utopia to be the â€Å"best state of the commonwealth.† The detailed description of Utopia acts as Mores mode of expressing his humanistic views, commenting on the fundamentals of human nature and the importance of reason and natural law, while gracefully combining the two seemingly conflictingRead MoreThe Characteristics Of Thomas Mores Utopia913 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1516, Thomas More published the well-known book titled â€Å"Utopia,† where he defined the word as either â€Å"a good place† or â€Å"no place.† In the novel, More described an ideal communal society that was almost unheard of in his time. His â€Å"Utopia,† whose name was possibly derived from the Greek roots â€Å"ou not† and â€Å"tà ³p(os) a place† (â€Å"Utopia), can ultimately be considered a prototype of a modern welfare state (â€Å"Utopia (book)†). This, combined with a lack of private p roperty and other characteristics,Read More Thomas Mores Utopia Essay example1441 Words   |  6 Pages Throughout Thomas Mores Utopia, he is able to successfully criticize many of the political, social, and economic ways of the time. His critique of feudalism and capitalism would eventually come back to haunt him, but would remain etched in stone forever. On July 6, 1535, by demand of King Henry VIII, More was beheaded for treason. His last words stood as his ultimate feeling about royalty in the 15th and 16th centuries, The Kings good servant, but Gods first. Throughout his life, More spokeRead MoreThe Paradox Of Thomas Mores Utopia As An Adjective?1441 Words   |  6 PagesWhen Thomas More penned Utopia in 1535, he not only created a new genre in fiction, he also created a new adjective.   Miriam-Webster defines Utopia as: a place of ideal perfection especially in laws, government, and social conditions. An alternate definition given by the same dictionary is: an impracti cal scheme for social improvement.(Miriam-Webster) For the purpose of this essay we will be focusing on the latter; Utopia as an adjective. The paradox of the paradigm of Mores Utopia is that allRead MoreThe Background Of Sir Thomas Mores Utopia2005 Words   |  9 PagesUtopia can easily be called Sir Thomas More’s most prominent and prestigious piece of writing. It tackled complex issues of religion, social status, and politics within the made up island of Utopia. To see why Sir Thomas More had such insight into these issues we must first know a bit about his background. Sir Thomas More lived from February 7, 1478 to July 6, 1535. He served as a counselor to Henry VIII and Lord High Chancellor of England during his life. He was notably opposed to reformation, especiallyRead MoreAnalysis of Thomas Mores Utopia Essay527 Words   |  3 PagesWhat is it about Thomas Mores Utopia that makes it as accessible and relevant to a 21st century westernized Catholic teenage boy as it d id to an 18th century middle aged Jewish women? Utopia, a text written 500 odd years ago in differing country and language, is still a valid link to a contemporary understanding of society, human nature and morals. Through Mores Utopia, it becomes evident that the trans-historical and trans-cultural nature of the text emerges through Mores conscious and subconsciousRead More Socialism and Thomas Mores Utopia Essay2345 Words   |  10 PagesSocialism and Thomas Mores Utopia      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Socialist ideals have recurred throughout the history of literature; from Plato to Marx the elusive goal of a perfect state has occupied some of the best minds in political thought manifesting itself in literature. In the midst of this historic tradition is the Utopia of More, a work which links the utopias of the ancient with the utopias of the modern. Hythlodays fantasy island draws heavily on the Greek Republic and yet it influenced the revolutionaryRead MoreEducation in Thomas Mores Utopia Essay2638 Words   |  11 PagesThe goal of education is to learn, and in this process of learning and being educated there are some greater goals that are served. Education in Thomas More’s Utopia seems to cater to a larger goal, which is to create virtuous persons and citizens, as they are responsible for attaining a flourishing human community. In Shakespeare’s The Tempest there seems to be an underlying idea of a connection between education and a sense of social control. The idea of instilling among his subjects a sense ofRead More A Deconstruction Reading of Thomas Mores Utopia Essay1785 Words   |  8 PagesA Deconstruction Reading of Thomas Mores Utopia Thomas Mores Utopia is the bastard child of European conventions and humanist ideals. Inspired by Mores belief in the elevation of human manners, education, and morals, the text also concedes to the omnipresent traditions of European society. While More accepts parentage of the text, he distances himself from its radical notions and thinly veiled condemnation of Europes establishment. Through the use of a benign narrator, Raphael HythlodayRead MoreThe Perfect Society In Sir Thomas Mores Utopia790 Words   |  4 Pages What is a Utopia? When people think of the term Utopia they think of an ideal or perfect Society. In Sir Thomas More’s â€Å"Utopia† we are introduced to such a society. However, today’s reader can see that the society More’s mention’s is filled with many underlying problems that make it seem less ideal or perfect, because it puts too much stress on the freedom’s and rights of its citizens. Such an act is detrimental in creating a utopia, because if the citizens are not happy with their freedom’s and

Monday, May 11, 2020

Overpopulation of the World and the Problems It Creates

Overpopulation of the World and the Problems it Creates The world is faced with growing conservation problems daily, most of which are caused by an increasing population. In order to deal with the problems of overpopulation, the world needs to consider minimizing consumption, lowering waste byproducts, and keeping a hand on land management. Consumption is the act of using resources at an uncontrolled rate. It is mainly the result of overpopulation. The population of the world is growing by approximately 212,970 people per day and is said to reach nine billion people by 2040 (World Population). As the population increases at this rapid rate, the demand for food, water, and shelter will also rise just as quickly. Since the†¦show more content†¦Today only 2.9 million to 3 million square miles of forest still remains (Nielsen).By destroying these bionetworks, plants and animals become endangered and maybe even extinct. As a result, this causes entire ecosystems to collapse. Without plants, animals die and without plants and animals, the human species can no longer eat or breathe, therefore, becoming extinct itself. Humans can take control of this growing problem by considering options like apartment buildings or larger skyscrapers to things like online schools and e-shopping. Without a doubt, the population of the world is going to continue to grow, but that does not mean that the problems dealing with consumption, waste, and land management has to also. If we could use nature made goods like sunlight, water, and wind, we could reduce the amount of energy consumed, decrease the amount of waste produced, and decrease the amount of land destroyed that is needed to serve the population. Works Cited 7 Environmental Problems that were Worse than we Thought. 3 Feb 2008. 23 Feb 2010 . Alexander, Kathleen. Tree Benefits. 23 Feb 2010 . Bureau, U.S. Census. Global Population Growth. 2002. 23 Feb 2010 . Center, University of Colorado Environmental. CU Environmental Center. 2008. 23 Feb 2010 . National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL - Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research. 29 Sept 2009. 24 Feb 2010. Nielsen, Ron. The Little Green Handbook: Seven Trends ShapingShow MoreRelatedOverpopulation Is a Growing Problem Essay1424 Words   |  6 PagesOverpopulation is a growing problem all over the world. This is a very important environmental issue and needs to be dealt with. This environmental problem is affecting many countries in the world, but mostly the poor and impoverished countries that don’t have the resources to help deal with these issues. It also affects the environment like plants animal life and air quality. When the population of people expands we need more natural resources from the environment, so we consume more then we canRead MoreOverpopulation Is A Serious Problem1442 Words   |  6 Pagestoday’s world but the one that seems to be the greatest threat to the entire world is overpopulation. Overpopulation is a serious problem that is having an extreme effect on the health of every citizen of every country. The problems caused by overpopulation could eve n prove to be a fatal epidemic to the human population. Oftentimes overpopulation is overlooked due to a lack of knowledge or simply because many government officials have dismissed overpopulation and call it a myth. Overpopulation is anRead MoreEssay on The Problems of Over Population885 Words   |  4 PagesThe Problems of Over Population There are several problems that affect the world today: war, crime, pollution, and several others. Overpopulation is a serious dilemma that is growing every year, every minute, and every second. It is the root of most, if not all, of the world’s problems1. It is the greatest global crisis facing humanity in the twenty-first century. Overpopulation is the major global problem because of several reasons. Most of the problems we have today, such as ocean depletionRead MoreOverpopulation’s Effect on Environment Essay934 Words   |  4 PagesIn today’s society there are many economic problems, such as pollution, global warming, and overpopulation. These problems have taken a toll on the environment, and its resources. Although all of these issues have an impact on our society, overpopulation stands to have the greatest impact on our environment, due to the large masses of people and the limited resources. There are many solutions to this problem but the common factor is the human race. The human race has to put controls in place andRead MoreHow Overpopulation Affects Education Being in a classroom full of twenty people is a normal800 Words   |  4 PagesHow Overpopulation Affects Education Being in a classroom full of twenty people is a normal persons day, but being in a room full of seventy people is an example of overpopulation affecting education. Overpopulation in education affects the people and children very much. It affects the kids by the way they are being taught and the distractions around them. The overcrowding in classrooms cause many children to feel more negative. They feel more negative because most kids in a crowded roomRead MoreEssay On Overpopulation1683 Words   |  7 Pagesexplore some of the problems associated with a rapidly growing population leading to overpopulation, such as an increase in hunger, a loss of land, and a loss of resources received from the land. We will discuss when the problem began and the history of how fast the world’s population has multiplied from the lack of contraception assistance due to cost or availability; consequently, resulting in the overpopulation problem. Furthermore, I will purpose the righting of these problems will contribute toRead MoreProblems Associated With The Overpopulation Problem1553 Words   |  7 Pagesthe problems associated with a rapidly growing population leading to overpopulation, such as an increase in hunger, a loss of land, and a loss of resources received from the land. I will discuss when the problem began and the history of how fast the world’s population has multiplied from the lack of contraception assistance due to cost or availability, consequently, resulting in the overpopulation problem. Additionally, I will discuss who and what are affected by the overpopulation problem. FurthermoreRead MoreOverpopulation Is A Social Science1492 Words   |  6 PagesCaloia, Angela Mr.Beck Geography 9 February 9 2016 Overpopulation is Overhyped Overpopulation has made headlines through the decades, advertised as one of the most pressing global issues future generations will have to confront, scientists stating that we as humans are undermining the life support system that sustains up. This, however, is untrue. Overpopulation defines a situation where the number of people exhaust the resources such that it can no longerRead MoreOverpopulation Essay1395 Words   |  6 Pagesspace? Now imagine that even if you could leave this room, the situation outside is no better. Did you know there is a world population clock on the United States Census Bureau website that increases by one number in less than one second? It stood at 7,421,546,950 as of 19:36 Central Time (CT), 16 September 2017. It is not hard to imagine with this growth that soon the world will run out of room for all of these people, not to mention the capability to feed them. Globally there are already aRead MoreProblems Faced By Overpopulation And The Human Race Essay1375 Words   |  6 Pages Overpopulation, it is one of the biggest problems our society faces today, it has the potential to cause devastating effects to the earth and the human race. In 1978 Thomas Robert Malthus published a paper on population growth, it set a foundation for many arguments that are still being discussed to this day. The problems outlined by Malthus are still a major problem, along with an abundance of other overpopulation problems. To most of these problems there is a short-term solution, while good in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Define the rule of the employers during the Industrial revolution Free Essays

string(57) " could meet and discuss working conditions and pay only\." At the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, employers were in virtually complete control of their employees and employees lives’. Government intervention to make the work place safe would not occur for several decades and factories were little more than slave shops under a different term. Typically, employees would have no rights at all regarding their employment and were forced to work in deplorable conditions: factories with insufficient light and unsafe work conditions. We will write a custom essay sample on Define the rule of the employers during the Industrial revolution or any similar topic only for you Order Now Many had no ventilation and were fire hazards because of the combustible materials that were used. Employees were forced to work long hours based on production needs and no thought was given to employee health or well-being. In many instances, the employer would create company towns in the region near their factories. The company would own all houses, markets and goods in the community. The company would then charge exorbitant rates for rent, food and goods making it virtually impossible for employees to get ahead. In many cases, the employee would work for a year only to owe the company money at the end of the year. This was done as a means to keep people from moving to other factories or other communities.   In addition, the law allowed people to be sent to prison for their debts and the debts of the parents to be passed on to the children, so often several generations of a family would be virtually enslaved by their employer. Wages that were paid were insufficient for a family to be fed and often parents and children worked in these sweatshops as a method of maintaining the family life. Children did not attend school or have any hope of a better life as they were sent in to the factories at very young ages. Women were often forced to leave children at home with an older sibling while they worked or were unable to work at all because of an infant or toddler in the home. Very young children placed a severe burden on the family because of the loss of wages and many children were abandoned to state-run orphanages in hopes that they would end up in a better life or to simply prevent a drag on the family’s income. This was not a benevolent dictatorship. The employer often ruled with an iron-fist and lived in the lap of luxury while his employees died of disease and malnutrition brought on by his greed. Employers were also allowed without repercussion to discipline employees as they saw fit and often took great liberties with female employees who were afraid of losing their jobs if they did not comply. Employers profited greatly during this time because labor was plentiful and they could make it cheap. Employers did not provide health care or disability for employees hurt or killed on the job.   Instead, the financial burden on their families was increased by the lack of income. And, people were hurt or maimed regularly by substandard equipment and poor conditions. Another favorite tactic on employers early in the Industrial Revolution was to pay people according to the number of pieces that they could produce.   This was yet another manner of ruling with an iron fist. Employers could assign employees to good machines, which produced fast and accurate pieces, or old and worn out machines at their discretion. Young people had an advantage of being able to work faster and often would have made better wages, except that employers seized on the idea that children had fewer responsibilities and used this as an excuse to pay children less even though they were expected to carry the workload of an adult. Children who failed were often beaten. During the American Civil War, proponents of slavery pointed out the inequities in the system and argued that Southern landowners often treated their slaves better than many employers treated their employees. They argued that a slave owner saw his slave as an investment and valued its contribution to his success and a business owner viewed his employees as an endless, replaceable commodity and took no personal responsibility for their safety, health or well-being. What is and was the right of existence for the unions? The UK was not initially a good place for unions to be. In 1799 and 1800, British Prime Minister William Pitt had a pair of acts passed called the combination acts which made it illegal for people to band together to try to get shorter working hours or more pay. Then, in 1817 Parliament against acted, this time making it illegal for a group of more than 50 people to meet together and order the arrest of anyone accused of spreading seditious libel, any untoward remarks regarding the Parliament or the Crown.   This severely hampered efforts for parliamentary reform as people were afraid to speak out. Two years later, nearly 50,000 people gathered at St. Peter’s Field to hear subversive, pro-union newspaper editors and other union leaders talk about the need for reform and the local magistrate, backed by the British Army, attacked, purportedly in an effort to arrest one of the speaks. Several accounts say many of the soldiers were drunk when they attacked the crowd with their sabres. As a result, Parliament instituted the Six Acts, which expanded the definitions of seditious libel and allowed permanent ceasing of a publication as means of punishment. It also changed the newspaper and stamp act so that even publications of purely opinion were subjected to the tax and provided local authorities with the right to seize people and arms accused of participating in a union gathering. In 1824, the combination acts were repealed and met with a national outbreak of strikes, resulting in Parliment’s decision to pass a new combination act in 1835. This was the first significant legislation o legalize trade unions, though it made their scope very narrow. Trade unions could meet and discuss working conditions and pay only. You read "Define the rule of the employers during the Industrial revolution" in category "Essay examples" Any other activities were considered a criminal conspiracy to restrict trade. The law also forbade unions from doing anything to obstruct or intimidate others. This was viewed as problematic as it gave the judiciary an unprecedented leeway in determining what activities violated the law. The act remained the law of the land until 1867 when Benjamin Disraeli and others banded together to have the law changed so that a striking union could be charged only with breach of contract and the government in power created the Trade Union Congress. Though calls to allow a union member into the Congress were rejected, the move proved to be an advancement in the cause of unionism. Four years later, the government finally made trade unions legal. In 1875 when Disraeli was named Prime Minister, as promised, he passed legislation making it legal for a union to do anything that an individual could do. This began the age of unionism and in 1880, Parliament passed legislation making management and employers responsible for the safety and well-being of the employees as long as their injury was not the result of actions by fellow workers. In 1906, legislation as passed to prevent employers from suing unions when they had a loss of income as a result of a strike and in 1913 legislation made it clearly legal for the labor unions to contribute to the political party of their choice as determined by union leadership. In 1927, legislation was passed to prevent civil servants from joining unions affiliated with the Trade Union Congress and outlawed the use of sympathetic strikes and general strikes. That is, with minor revision, the state of the trade labor union today. On which roles does the Globalization of the economy depend? Globalization of the economy is a tricky business and highly dependent on the ability of workers and employers to adapt to the changing international labor market and the changing role of the industrialized world in the age of technology. There has been some effort made within the last two years to update the trade union system and encourage union modernization so that the workers can quickly be retrained with skills more appropriate to the emerging labor market. As with other parts of the world, the concern among trade unions is that jobs traditionally left to them are now being outsourced to cheaper labor environments worldwide. If we are to adjust to this availability of cheap labor elsewhere, we must do so by changing the way we look at labor unions and evaluating the new markets that could be the modern labor frontiers. One example of this might be to examine computer workers and administrative positions traditionally viewed as white collar work. These areas are the new growth industries and in recent years, the site of the most abuse of employees. In addition, these more advanced positions have traditionally had to negotiate salaries for themselves resulting in huge disparities person to person and based on gender, age, and other discriminatory factors. For globalization to work the economy must be revitalizes and the United Kingdom must adjust its perceptions at home and abroad about the things that it will produce. No longer will mining and textiles be a major portion of the economy. Instead, if we are to accept our part in a global economy, we must identify new areas in which we can develop an unrivaled expertise and global reliance. In a 2005 report, HM Treasury argued that the UK is in an unrivaled position worldwide to make the most of globalization in that we have the economic and trading ties to the entire world. In addition, we have a strong business, technology and macroeconomic base from which to begin our quest. Not only must we train employees in the fast-growing areas of technology which will present the best opportunity for our people, but we must also reward innovation and creativity. The report calls for the support of workers who need to be retrained to join the global economy and the wise and efficient use of energy and resources as a means to prevent reliance on other countries for our energy needs. Most importantly, we must rely on the well-established international trade that helped build and strengthen the economy in the first place. It is vitally important that the country not turn to isolationism as a manner of dealing with the threat of international competition. The problem is that many people promote the idea of protectionism as a way to avoid the international competition, but we know that this approach will only lead to a need to rejoin the world economy at a later date when we are less strong and able to do so. We must move forward now and implement change instead of hiding from it. What is mundialism or anti globalization? Mundialism is the process of building interconnected word governing bodies rather than integrating the existing nation-states into an interdependent global world. Proponents of mundialism argue that entities such as the International Court and a one-world government should be created rather than relying on the concept of nation-states. Mundalism promoted the concept that what is right for the world as a whole is right for the individual citizens and the individual nations of the world. It argues that by working together for the common good, we can overcome economic, social and ideological differences for the betterment of all humankinds. Anti-globalization can encompass a number of different policies, but largely it is the idea that the governments, economies and societies of the world should not be interdependent and that they should remain separate by distinct barriers including borders and cultural boundaries. Anti-globalization proponents are perhaps the most extreme opponents of mundialism. They believe that the world is already too interconnected and that it would be better if we could simply draw the curtains up around our countries and keep the rest of the world argue. Many argue that the world can never be as interdependent as promoted by mundialism and that it will always be divided by was and ideology. The idea, they say, is that human nature is competitive and that we cannot make all faiths and all political viewpoints get along. Some would even argue that the only way that mundialism could work would be with a strong world ruler, that someone would have to get the final deciding vote on right and wrong. Mundialism supporters argue that if the nation’s of the world all expressed a true desire to work together in harmony the major strife points of the world could be eliminated and wars and border disputes could end. Anti-globalization proponents call that pie in the sky nonsense. There will always be a competition for resources and for power. Those without it will strive for it via any means necessary and those who have it will seek to retain it. Somewhere in there middle is where we actually are. There are some world organizations, like the International Criminal Court and there are some opponents to those organizations, like the United States. There are growing disputes worldwide over everything from economic gain to religion to claiming the land that sits beneath the polar icecaps. And, neither theory adequately addresses what should be done about global problem areas like Rwanda and Darfur, places where the massacres keep happening, the land is destroyed and the people are unable to subsist, much less contribute to a world economy. Describe the Trade union s structure and state why the unions are losing members. Trade unions are designed to be very specific in their membership and then are loosely affiliated with the Trade union Congress. However, this specialization is contributing to the decline of the unions and the loss of members nationally. Unions are supposed to be local, with members choosing a regional representative to speak to the specific concerns of their company or community. Then, the locals are affiliated with a national organization which is in turn affiliated with the national congress. But in recent years, with declining employment in regions once covered by the trade unions, even the largest of the unions are beginning to shrink or disappear entirely.   This is a factor of the changing work environment within the UK, as more and more people are working in quasi-professional positions not covered by the trade unions. Furthermore, even locally, unions do not represent the universal political opinions that they once did. Neighbors now may agree on matters of union employment, but have vastly different opinions with regards to national politics and how the union should be influencing them. This diversity in the union has caused a loss of political power and a loss of interest within the membership. In addition, the major concern facing trades people in 2007 is not something the union can do much to change.   Unions have had little impact in corporate decisions to close factories or move operations to other nations where the labor costs are more favorable. The days of the union being able to protect its workers and provide for a safer work environment, better benefits and a happier way of life are gone, Instead, the unions continue to take dues from members, reducing their overall take home pay, but add no benefits. The days of the sweatshop are long gone and virtually every worked is provided the same protections under the law that a union worker can get in a union shop.   That is not to say that the union has outlived its usefulness, but rather that unions have accomplished their original goals of workplace safety and equal treatment for workers. If unions seriously want to reverse the trend of losing membership, they must realize that they play an important role in the globalization process and update themselves to meet that need. Unions must be actively involved in retraining workers and helping them to find new means of gainful employment.   Unions must work in conjunction with business to find better ways to improve global competitiveness and to make employers understand the value of well-educated, highly-trained workers over cheap labor in an unregulated state. How to cite Define the rule of the employers during the Industrial revolution, Essay examples

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Transforming America with the Civil Rights Movemen Essay Example For Students

Transforming America with the Civil Rights Movemen Essay t Transforming America with the Civil Rights Movemen Essayt The civil rights movement transformed American society in to a color conscience society and started the anti-free speech political correct movement that we are seeing today. The civil rights movement gave African Americans the right to be treated as regular citizens but it was the urban riots of the mid-1960s and the voiced black rage that changed the tone of the civil rights movement. The civil rights movement also sparked others to create organizations to stand up for their beliefs. The civil rights movement fought to achieve full citizenship rights and to achieve racial equality to black Americans. The civil rights movement was a challenge to segregation, the system of laws and customs separating blacks and whites that whites used to control blacks after slavery was abolished in the 1860s. We will write a custom essay on Transforming America with the Civil Rights Movemen specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now During the civil rights movement, individuals and civil rights organizations challenged segregation and discrimination with a variety of activities, including protest marches, boycotts, and refusal to abide by segregation laws. Many believe that the movement began with the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955 and ended with the Voting Rights Act of 1965, but many also believe that it has not ended today. Bibliography: .